Fred Hoffman is an assistant professor of Intelligence Studies. He earned a Doctor of Science in Information Systems and Communications from Robert Morris University, a Master of Science in Strategic Intelligence from National Intelligence University, a Master of Arts in Asian Studies (Chinese) from the University of Michigan, and a Bachelor of Arts in Government from Lawrence University. Before joining the faculty at Mercyhurst, Fred taught as an associate professor of Military Science at The Johns Hopkins University, where he taught courses on national security and the intelligence community. Fred has more than six years of experience as a competitive intelligence professional in the private sector. He also has 30 years of experience in the military and in multiple intelligence community organizations as a human intelligence officer and as a military attaché, serving in 28 different countries, including Afghanistan and the Balkans. His favorite professional experience to date: Experiencing the opening of the Berlin Wall firsthand. His least favorite experience: Being in the Pentagon when the plane struck it on Sept. 11, 2001. Fred’s hobbies include motorcycling, photography, weightlifting, and studying foreign languages; he is fluent in German and conversational in Mandarin Chinese and Russian.