Ph.D., history, Case Western Reserve University (1974)
M.A., history, Indiana University (1966)
B.S., social studies education, Millersville State College (1961)
Teaching and Research Interests
United States history
History of medicine
Tudor & Stuart England
World War II
Europe since the Renaissance
United States History I & II
Publications and Presentations
Edinboro University: An Administrative History, 1963-1993. Edinboro University Services, 1996.
The Struggle for Medical Licensure in 19th Century Pennsylvania, Ohio Academy for the History of Medicine, 1978.
The Meaning of Germany's Reparation Bill, London School of Economics, 1975